Iraq's caretaker prime minister asked Washington to start working out a road map for an American troop withdrawal.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the planes targeted positions belonging to pro-Iran militias.
Nawres Waleed Hamid died on Dec. 27 at a military base near Iraq's northern city of Kirkuk, where he worked as a linguist.
The rockets exploded in the perimeter of the U.S. Embassy but did not strike the compound.
The images, obtained via Planet Labs and later distributed by The Associated Press, show Al Asad, in Iraq's Anbar province.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said Tuesday's missile attacks were a "slap in the face" to the U.S.
Iran launched surface-to-surface missiles, targeting a pair of military installations in Iraq that house American troops.
The Pentagon is calling on Iran to come to the negotiating table and abandon plans for retaliation following a deadly strike.
It's the first retaliatory action by Iran in the wake of Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani's killing.
A "draft letter" suggesting a troop withdrawal was imminent circulated Monday, causing confusion.