WASHINGTON -- The House on Wednesday approved a defense spending measure to direct more than $670 billion towards a wave of Defense Department increases, including the largest boost to servicemembers' pay in nearly a decade and new gains in the number of troops, equipment and weapons for the 2019 fiscal year.
The effort is part of a so-called "minibus" appropriations measure, H.R. 6157, a larger package of more than $850 billion to fund labor, health and human services and education priorities. It also funds priorities directed in the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act.
The measure passed by a vote of 361-61. President Donald Trump must now sign the legislation into law.
"It is vital that we pass this agreement this week and have it signed into law," said Rep. Kay Granger, R-Texas, chairwoman of the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. "The men and women of our armed forces deserve no less."
The defense budget moves on two tracks: the annual NDAA directs policy and spending plans for the military, while the defense appropriations bill is what actually moves money to the Pentagon.
Trump signed the 2019 NDAA, H.R. 5515, into law Aug. 13, which ushered through a series of new policy reforms, such as revamping the military's "up or out" promotion system and policies to reign in sexual misconduct and domestic abuse among the ranks. The $716 billion NDAA also authorizes a 2.6 percent pay raise for servicemembers, as well as new purchases of aircrafts, ships, submarines and weapons.
- Trump Signs $717 Billion Defense Bill Including 2.6 Percent Troop Pay Raise
- Lawmakers Approve 2.6 Percent Troop Pay Raise
- Congress Fails to Fund Trump's 'Space Force' in Defense Budget Bill
- See the proposed 2.6 percent active duty pay raise for 2019
- See the proposed 2.6 percent drill pay raise for 2019
- Military Pay calculator
The NDAA directs funding for Defense Department, as well as atomic energy defense activities under the Energy Department. Because it funds additional agencies, the NDAA directs larger spending priorities than its appropriations counterpart legislation, H.R. 6157, said Andrew Sherbo, a University of Denver finance professor who has tracked government and defense budget issues.
Rep. Mac Thornberry, R-Texas, chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, said he was confident Trump would sign the legislation into law. The 2019 fiscal year starts Monday.
"If you step back and look at the two biggest accomplishments of the Trump administration, signing this bill that we are going to pass today is the most significant step towards rebuilding the military," Thornberry said.
But several times this year, Trump has threatened a veto of spending measures if Congress doesn't approve significant funding for a southern border wall, a move that could trigger a government shutdown.
A veto could set into motion a dramatic turn of events. At the end of this week, the House is slated to go into recess until the November midterm elections, Thornberry said.
If the defense spending legislation is signed by Trump by Monday, it would mark the first time in about 10 years that the Defense Department won't operate under a temporary funding measure, otherwise known as a continuing resolution, for the start of its fiscal year.
The Senate last week approved the compromise legislation in a vote of 93 to 7, sending the measure to the House.
H.R. 6157 also includes a continuing resolution to fund agencies that aren't covered by the minibus appropriations bill until Dec. 7 to avert a partial government shutdown.
Lawmakers have lauded the plan's boost to pay, troop levels, funding of 13 new Navy ships, 93 F-35 aircraft, 18 C-130J aircraft, 58 UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters, 13 V-22 aircraft and the upgrade of 135 Abrams tanks.
They have also praised the measure's efforts to fund research and development of new defense systems and technologies, including the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, nuclear force modernization and the Ohio-class submarine replacement. The bill also funds cancer research, traumatic brain injury research and sexual assault prevention.
The plan builds on the momentum to increase the size and might of the military in response to China and Russia's growing capabilities as laid out in Trump's defense budget proposal earlier this year. The Trump request for the fiscal year included an increase of more than 15,000 active-duty troops, which lawmakers matched in the NDAA.
A two-year spending deal that lifted federal budget caps allowed the defense budget to expand. Coupled with approaching November midterm elections, lawmakers worked to pass the bills earlier than in past years.
However, lawmakers remain on a tight clock. Without a spending measure in place by Monday, lawmakers might need to pass a continuing resolution, to keep the government operating.